Problem with FileWriter class

JAVA

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Problem with FileWriter class

Postby nimmi_srivastav » Tue, 22 Jul 2003 00:58:10 GMT

rief:- I am having trouble getting a FileWriter to write to a
non-existent file if I instantiate the FileWriter with a String that
is manipulated at run time. It works fine with a hard-coded char
array. The error that I get in the former case is:
(The specified path is invalid)tion



Detailed:- This is my first serious foray into Java ----- I recently
completed the Hello World program ----- so my apologies if I am not
doing things the right way (which, I am sure is the case).


I am trying to write a Java application that reads a list of URLs from
a file and accesses each URL and stores it associated web-page locally
on the file system. The filename associated with each webpage is the
same as its URL except that the following characters are replaced by
the '^' character:
\
/
:
*
?
<
|


I am not getting any error if I uncomment the line that says
//[UNCOMMENT ME] and comment the immediately preceding line (which
says [COMMENT ME]).

I was also able to successfully get the application to work by
maintaining an array of hard-coded strings and indexing into that
array for each iteration of the main loop.


Here's the program listing. Again my apologies for not doing things
the "right" way:


=======================Program Listing begin ==================


import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;

public class URLDownloader
{
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
{
if(args.length == 0)
{
System.out.println("usage: <this-utility> <filename>");
System.out.println("Exiting.....");
return;
}


File inputFile = new File(args[0]);

FileInputStream finStm = new FileInputStream(inputFile);
int ret;

StringBuffer urlAddr = new StringBuffer("");
char c;

DataInputStream inStm = null;

try
{
while ((ret = finStm.read()) != -1)
{
if((c = (char) ret) != '\n')
{
urlAddr.append(c);
continue;
}

System.out.println(urlAddr);
int len = urlAddr.length();
if(len <= 1)
continue;

URL thisURL = new URL(urlAddr.toString());
try
{
inStm = new DataInputStream(thisURL.openStream());
}
catch (Exception xcpn)
{
// FileNotFoundException, ProtocolException,
ConnectionException
urlAddr.delete(0, len);
System.out.println("Error: " + xcpn.toString());
continue;
}

String urlAddrStr = new String(urlAddr);
StringBuffer urlFile = new StringBuffer(urlAddrStr);
for(int i=0; i < urlFile.length(); i++)
{
char ch = urlFile.charAt(i);
switch(ch)
{
case '/':
case '\\':
case ':':
case '*':
case '?':
case '\"':
case '<':
case '>':
case '|':
urlFile.setCharAt(i, '^');
break;

default:
break;
}
}

String fileName = new String(urlFile);
System.out.println(fileName);
FileWriter fWriter = new FileWriter(fileName); // [COMMENT ME]
//[UNCOMMENT ME] FileWriter fWriter = new
FileWriter("http^^^www.yahoo.com");

String inputLine;

while ((inputLine = inStm.readLine()) != nul

Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby FGB » Tue, 22 Jul 2003 03:20:22 GMT



It worked ok for me.  I uncommented the line that creates fileName(s) 
and used the a "data file" with the following URLs:

 http://www.**--****.com/ 
 http://www.**--****.com/ 



Not sure what is happening for you...


Fred Burkley


Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby Steve Horsley » Tue, 22 Jul 2003 05:57:32 GMT



<snip>

I suspect you have the wrong file name. Instead of using:
    System.out.println(fileName);
try using:
    System.out.println("fileName = '" + fileName + "'");
This should show up any unexpected characters such as '\r'.

If you want to read a text file, you would be better off treating it as a
text file and using a Reader. This way you will more likely get the
characterset right, and handle line endings better.


Steve


Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby nimmi_srivastav » Fri, 25 Jul 2003 04:02:49 GMT






Since the original posting, I have tried this program on Solaris.  It
works fine on Solaris, but on Windows (98 & 2000) I keep getting error
messages.  Could someone kindly try it out on Windows and share their
experience please?

--NS

Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby sandeep6699 » Thu, 07 Aug 2003 19:56:06 GMT




Nimmi,

I tried your program on Solaris and Windows, and I ran into similar
problems on Windows.  It worked fine on Solaris.

Regards,
Sandeep

Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby weichao_wang » Tue, 19 Aug 2003 21:36:59 GMT



Replace the code above with the following, it may work on Windows:

        if((c = (char) ret) != '\r')
        {
          urlAddr.append(c);
          continue;
        } else {
          ret = finStm.read();  // skip '\n'
        }

The reason is that the line end is '\n' on Unix whereas it is '\r\n'
on Windows/DOS.
I have not tested the code (because of firewall?). If someone has tested
it, please post the result here.

Weichao

Re: Problem with FileWriter class

Postby nobody » Wed, 20 Aug 2003 14:47:41 GMT

Roedy Green < XXXX@XXXXX.COM > writes:

Roedy, if you look at the original, very old posting, you will see that
the problem is not the FileWriter. There are a number of problems in
the original code, including:

- Using an InputStream and not a Reader to read some text file

- Doing line-by-line reading via the InputStream with a home-made EOL
  detection that will break on any file not using the Unix convention,
  instead of using a LineReader.

- Usage of a DataInput stream for reading from a URL, serving no
  apparent purpose other then messing up the input data.

- Improper handling of empty lines (might be an artefact of the
  problems with handling EOL).

- Rather strange mixture of using String and StringBuffer, including
  converting a StringBuffer to a String and back to a StringBuffer on
  the next line, multiple times converting the same StringBuffer (with
  the same contents) to a String, etc.

- Improper attempt to convert a URL to a local file name (here the
  broken EOL detection can sneak control chars into the name, and some
  valid URL chars are not handled at all, like '=', '&', or '%').

  And the control char \r from the name is why the creation of the
  FileWriter breaks.

- Usage of the deprecated DataInputStream.readLine() to read a String.

- Usage of FileWriter to write bytes - which have just been converted
  from the String gotten from DataInputStream.readLine() ...

- Manual memory handling: Manually clearing existing objects instead of
  just creating new ones.

And I might have missed a few things.

In other words: THAT CODE DESERVES TO BE TAKEN OUT AND SHOT! The
remains have to be treated as toxic waste. Please, leave it alone.

/Thomas

Similar Threads:

1.Problem with FileWriter

Hi:

I'm writing a simple Web application that gets image data from a
third-party applet and writes it to a specified directory on a Web
server (this is done using a JSP and a JavaBean handling the file
upload.)

When I upload any *.jpg and attempt to write it to the server,
however, the size of  the copied image on the server directory is
exactly the same, but when I try to open the file, I get "No Preview
Available" from Windows Picture and Fax Viewer, "Can't determine type"
from Microsoft Photo Editor, etc.

Here is the code that I used to read from the applet source and write
to the server:


try {	
        // get the image input from applet
      	ServletInputStream in = request.getInputStream();
      	FileOutputStream ostrm = new FileOutputStream("picture4.jpg");
      	
      	byte[] readArray = new byte[1];       	
      	while((in.read(readArray)) != -1)
      	{
      		ostrm.write(readArray); 
      	}
      	// close all streams
      	in.close();
      	ostrm.close();
      	
	return true;
      } catch (Exception e) {
      	System.out.println("check console");
      	return false;
      }
	   
	}

Can anyone help me out?

2.FileWriter Problem

I get problem using FileWriter when I insert "/n" in it .It shows some
ugly square instead of going to the new line
I tried following code
***********************************************************************
import java.io.*;
class Writer
{
	public static void main(String args[])
	{
		
		String str ="Rahul is writing this piece\n"
			         +"I know that black square will come in place of newline
character\n"
			          +"I there anybody who can help me\n";
		char [] ch = new char[str.length()];
			str.getChars(0,str.length(),ch,0);
		try
		{
			FileWriter fw =new FileWriter("testfile.txt");
			fw.write(ch);
			fw.close();
		}
		catch(IOException ioe){}
	}
}
**********************************************************************
Please help in case you have a solution to this problem
Thanking in anticipation
Rahul Sharma
 XXXX@XXXXX.COM 

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Greetings!
This may be an OS thing, but FileWriter.write(Sting,int,int) thinks it
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has been opened.  No exception is thrown, because the line directly
after the write() and flush() within the try block is executed (I am
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not notifying the owner of the file handle (if I an saying it right)
that the file has been deleted / removed / whatever, and that this
might function differently on different systems.

I am trying to create a failover for a log writing thread, and I am
removing the file to simulate an IO error, hehe but that's not
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Thanx!

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5.java.io.FileReader and java.io.FileWriter encoding

Hi,

I recently changed the hosting for my website (from Linux to Linux) and 
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Does anyone know how the default encoding is selected? I report some 
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user.country: US
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file.encoding: ISO-8859-1
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java.vendor: Sun Microsystems Inc.

-----
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